THE PLAYLIST

The Rwa Bhineda Of Bali Coffee Culture


According to Sangtu (Sang Ketut of Bali Silent Retreat), Rwa Bhineda is akin to the dualism of Indian philosophy or to the Ta o of Chinese philosophy. Rwa Bhineda is the Balinese philosophy for the harmony of opposites.

In this essay, two trending coffee scenes are presented as contrasting perspectives. As in true Rwa Bhinedafashion, neither scene is good or bad, and each one needs to coexist to bring balance and order. On one side of the duality spectrum is the modern and creatively inclined, Helmen Coffee in the capital city Denpasar. On the other side is the surprisingly refreshing beach anti-stereotype, Infinity Coffee in the seaside resort town of Sanur.

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Happening Now : Coffee’s Fourth Wave


Baca dalam bahasa indonesia

From the mass consumption of Robusta coffee of unknown origin, to specialty Arabica coffee from known origin, coffees’ 4th wave is washing over us. The very people that produce coffee are now drinking ‘origin’.

The locus of coffee experimentation is shifting away from coffee consuming countries into coffee growing countries. Local knowledge, regional connections and increased disposable income are changing the global coffee market in ways that are just beginning to be appreciated. By farming, processing, roasting and brewing coffee with an intimate understanding of their products origin, people in coffee growing countries are opening new flavours for the world to explore.

Throughout Central America, South East Asia and Africa radical developments in coffee processing are leading this prominent “global south” trend. Micro- lot processing, specialty coffee roasting, single origin cafes, experimental product design and a growing middle class are all pointers to change.

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Coffee Conversation With Dr. Jeffrey Neilson


If you think Indonesia’s booming specialty coffee sector means a better deal for farmers, ask first whether ‘Indonesian coffee farmers’ even exist

For the coffee cognoscenti, it’s well-known Indonesia is the world’s fourth largest coffee producing nation. They may be less familiar however with the fact Indonesia is the world’s fastest-growing coffee retail marvket, and the fifth largest by retail volume. Between 2012 and 2016, coffee franchise outlets and specialty coffee shops doubled, to 1,083 and 1,025 respectively, according to market researcher Euromonitor International. Starbucks now has 240 outlets across the country, Indonesia’s Maxx Coffee has 70 since opening in 2015, and Excelso has 65. With the number of independent coffee shops and roasters that have popped up in urban areas in the past year alone, the archipelago’s current total must surely now be nudging 1,500.

“There has been massive change in the Indonesian domestic market over the past ten years,” says Dr Jeff Neilson, a geographer at the University of Sydney who has lived, studied, worked and researched In Indonesia over the past 25 years, and researched and published about the nation’s coffee industry since 2001. “Ten years ago, all good quality Arabica was exported. You’d go toany of these [coffee growing] regions and there’djust be fairly consolidated export firms often linkedto international traders, and they were responsible for quality control systems. All the good quality coffeewas being fed into the international specialty sector,”Jeff explains.

Despite the unquenchable thirst for specialty coffee and café culture in Indonesia’s urban areas, domestic demand for instant coffee mixes still reigns. Euromonitor reported off-trade sales (transactions with supermarkets and smaller food retailers) grew at a slightly faster rate than on-trade sales (transactions with cafés, bars, hotels and restaurants) last year.

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The Hands Behind the Brew


Nestled underneath stretches of pine trees lies a secret patch of small Arabica coffee farm, which is operated by an equally small number of farmers.

The local villagers have been farming in this area for decades. Yet Arabica coffee is relatively new to this land, only less than a decade old.

Atmosphere is very lush (1200 amsl).

Nourished by mountain spring water and fertile soil, exotic plants, from cloves, vanilla orchids,

to avocados, have flourished on the hills of this sleeping volcano. For over a century, this natural ecosystem has been a sanctuary for various animals, including wild luwak, by providing them with enough food to live for generations.

But humans are her best friend and also her biggest enemies. Hikers and climbers are known to frequent this area, sometimes even hunting the wild. It is not a surprise that humans are by far the most immediate threat this land has.

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Ngopi di Tempat yang Semestinya


At Gembongsari, a coffee village in Banyuwangi, coffee is enjoyed right at the coffee farm. However, this statement wasn’t true just few years ago. Even with 1,750 hectare of coffee farm, farmers often preferred to sell green beans in much cheaper prices. A local community organization called HIDORA began educating farmers on the financial and cultural value of coffee so that farmers can gain better control over prices.

Education includes workshops and discussions to reevaluate Gombengsari’s potentials in the coffee industry. Coffee tours to the plantations were organized, where farmers and local villagers could showcase their traditional brewing skills. In 2016, coffee and culture festival was held and received enormous national, regional, and international media attention.

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A Traditional Method For Making Coffee


The hole in the road was so big and so deep that some said faeries, fay, fata, dryads, imps, leprechauns, goblins, hobgoblins, gremlins, sirens, enchanters, nymphs, pucks, elves, brownies, pixies, genies, peri, sprites, bogies, nisses, what’s in a name, a rose by any other would smell as sweet, these being but spirits of the air, thin air, watery water, the fulsome earth, the burning flame, the shrieking lightning, the furry, feathered, scaled and skinned creatures, large and small, the animalcules, microbes, the spaces between atoms, particles of indeterminate existence, form, name, busy enabling the forest in the hole’s most abundant thrivingness, that some had said these elemental spirits were refugees of the removal of the once-vast expanse

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